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Pond Ecosystem - Its Components : Producers, Consumers and Decomposers

Pond Ecosystem and Its Components : Producers, Consumers and Decomposers Class: 11
Zoology Notes | Biology
Pond Ecosystem and Its Components : Producers, Consumers and Decomposers
Class: 11

Pond Ecosystem 
The pond is a small body of standing water and the pond ecosystem is complex interactions between its biotic and abiotic components.

Abiotic component of pond ecosystem are: 
  • Environmental factors: light, temperature, water 
  • The edaphic factors: Soil 
  • Inorganic Components are: O2, CO2, N2, nitrates, phosphates, carbonates etc. 
  • Organic components are: carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, fats, nucleic acids 
Biotic components are: 

Producers 
The producers are the aquatic green plants, which may be divided into two groups. 
Microphytes (phytoplanktons) : They are microscopic autotrophs, which fix solar energy. eg. Spirogyra, Zygnema, Volvox, Oedogonium. 



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